The large-scale public aquarium is expected to display up to 600 species of marine mammals and fish.
VLADIVOSTOK. August 6. VOSTOK-MEDIA – Russia’s largest oceanarium, which is currently under construction on Russky Island, is yet another major project implemented as part of the ongoing preparations for APEC 2012 Russia.
The idea to create the facility came in 2005 from the Far Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences and was instantly approved and ordered for implementation by the Government. To set the project in motion a special committee on the construction was set up in the Russian Far East.
In an interview to Vostok-Media the committee’s chief technology officer Aleksandr Shulgin tells about the project:
Almost all of the bays of Russky Island were examined to find a right place for the oceanarium. Following the examination Zhidkova Bay was singled out as being particularly good. The main criteria for choosing a land plot for the construction site were the purity of water, convenient location and the closeness of the bay. In addition, the construction site of the Far Eastern Federal University is located near the bay and Biology and Oceanology faculty students and scientists will have an opportunity to obtain some extra knowledge and conduct research there.
A 90-hectare area was designated for the construction. A specially designed sea water intake system will make it possible to pump in water 650 meters off the shore at a depth of 25 meters.
The tanks will be put in operation one by one. Research and adaptation complex with the road and engineering infrastructure will be the first facility to be put in operation. The three-story 7,500-square-meter building will house 435 aquaria and fish tanks with a total capacity of 1,800 square meters. They will be used to collect, grow, adapt and treat fish and animals. Along with shop floors and amenity rooms there will be labs for conducting research. A separate room will be allotted for breeding, rearing and keeping Chinstrap penguins.
The complex will be fully equipped with a life support system including transforming substations, water conditioning system and other services. Life support system is duplicated. Since there are only few Russian specialists in this area of expertise, the project manager put in a bid for design and installation of the life support systems, which was won by a Thai company.
Cold storage facility will be capable of storing 80 tons since the daily food intake of the dwellers will be about 8 tons of various products.
A special hangar will be build for keeping a deep submergence vehicle. The submersible, which is designed to be used for scientific research, was bought abroad by Sea Biology Institute of the Far Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, delivered in Vladivostok and is presently undergoing tests at the depth of Japan Sea. This is a remotely-operated vehicle capable of diving to a maximum depth of 6,000 meters.
The large-scale public aquarium will be situated in a huge building 150 meters in diameter and with a total area of 35,000 square meters. The main purpose of the massive aquarium is to run the following exhibits: Marine life evolution, marine microcosm, fish of Sea of Okhotsk, Bering Sea and Japan Sea, and other seas, lakes and rivers.
The exhibit tunnel will be situated under the main 7,200-ton tank. With a total of 25,000 tons of water, the oceanarium under construction will be one of the world’s largest facilities of this kind.
Up to 600 species of marine mammals and fish are expected to find a new home there.
Dmitry Pitruk, deputy head of ea Biology Institute, was appointed managing director of the oceanarium.